Sinaitic manuscript online dating
Oftentimes modalists and unitarians question the validity of this verse because of its trinitarian flavor.
Typically, the questioner makes the point that we do not have manuscripts of Matthew 28.19 before a.d 325 when the church ratified the Trinitarian creed at Nicea and that they were all corrupted at that time.
Suddenly the case from Eusebius’ quotations does not seem so impressive.
Even so, let’s consider Eusebius’ statements to better understand what is happening.
I wish CSNTM published these on their website, but they don’t.
However, if there was an early manuscript with even a slight variation, Bruce Metzger’s UBS 4th edition or his Commentary on the GNT would note it. We still have thousands of manuscripts, some of which date back to the fourth century (like Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus).
Early Quotes by Christian Authors Even if we cannot find or access early manuscripts before the fourth century to see if they contain Matthew 28.19, we can still consult the many Christian authors who lived in the second and third centuries to see how they cited it. Give public instruction on all these points, and then baptize in running water, in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.
In the early fourth century he fiercely persecuted Christianity and tried to collect and destroy all of the New Testament manuscripts, which is why we do not have many from before the fourth century.
First of all, Eusebius was not a Trinitarian; he was an Arian.
In fact, Eusebius of Caesarea had written a letter to Alexander, the bishop who excommunicated Arius, demanding he restore Arius.
Thus, a later, or even medieval manuscript, could preserve a very early reading.
Again, we have no evidence of an alternative version of Matthew 28.19 in any of these manuscripts.